The Differences Between Isolate, Full Spectrum, and Broad Spectrum CBD
As you’re perusing the near-infinite options of CBD concentrates, you’ll probably notice the labels that read isolate, full-spectrum, and broad-spectrum attached to each product. You can significantly impact your experience by knowing what to expect from these three types of CBD products.
Read along to understand the differences between isolates, full-spectrum, and broad-spectrum so you can choose the best CBD product for your needs.
CBD isolates are the most refined products in the marijuana industry. CBD isolates contain upwards of 99.99% CBD, which makes them incredibly pure.
When a CBD isolate is produced, it undergoes a series of refinement steps that remove everything except cannabidiol. This means that every other cannabinoid, such as CBG, CBN, CBC, and THC, is wholly removed.
Additionally, terpenes are removed from the overall isolate. This means that the end-product does not taste like anything because of its lack of flavorful and aromatic terpenes. What’s left is a tasteless concentrate that’s filled with CBD.
This product is ideal for those that seek something that only contains CBD - and nothing else. Examples can be athletes that don’t want to risk the chance that their drug test comes up positive for THC. Although it’s highly unlikely, there are those that don’t want any form of THC in their system.
CBD is incredibly beneficial on its own and has been studied to reduce a plethora of symptoms in mental disorders, diseases, and physical pains. Therefore, it’s already been shown that CBD isolate products work incredibly well as a therapeutic supplement.
Full Spectrum CBD
Just like the name implies, full-spectrum CBD contains everything inside hemp. All cannabinoids, including trace amounts of THC, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty-acids can all be found within full-spectrum CBD products.
The primary reason for choosing a full-spectrum CBD product is for what’s known as the entourage effect. This mechanism describes the synergistic effects of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that are found in hemp. It’s believed that the entourage effect is responsible for increasing the efficacy of CBD - which leads to enhanced therapeutic benefits.
Although these products contain trace amounts of THC, it’s nearly impossible to feel high from them. This is because no matter what, the product must not contain over 0.3% THC, which is a negligible amount, even when taking a drug test.
Broad-spectrum CBD products contain everything that’s found in full-spectrum CBD, except THC. That means you’ll get the benefit of all cannabinoids that are found in hemp, without having to worry about consuming trace amounts of THC. Although THC is the primary constituent of the entourage effect, the remaining flavonoids, terpenes, and cannabinoids contain beneficial properties on their own.
Which Product Is Best For You?
Ultimately, this is a decision that only you can make. If you strictly don’t want any THC with your CBD, then broad-spectrum or CBD isolates will work exceptionally well. If you desire to consume everything that hemp has to offer, including THC, then full-spectrum CBD products are right for you.
Overall, each of these products provides extraordinary therapeutic benefits. CBD isolates have been studied extensively, and the results show that it's responsible for a long list of beneficial effects. Building off of that fact, flavonoids, other cannabinoids (including THC), and terpenes exhibit additional medicinal properties that work in conjunction with CBD.
Understanding Terpenes and Their Benefits
Terpenes have recently become the talk of the town - but why? Researchers have recently unlocked the mystery of these flavorful and aromatic compounds, and how they directly impact the way you feel when you consume cannabis.
The Diverse World of Terpenes
Terpenes are organic compounds that are found throughout the plant kingdom. Initially, plants evolved over millions of years, and during this time, they began producing terpenes. These aromatic oils are potent attractants for beneficial insects for pollination purposes. They also act as defensive mechanisms that keep predators away, such as herbivores or insects that feed on leaves.
There are over 20,000 known terpenes, and over 100 are found within the cannabis species. This includes hemp since it’s a subspecies of Cannabis sativa, which means even hemp delivers the aromatic and flavorful qualities commonly found in THC-rich cannabis crops.
Cannabis and Terpenes
In the recent past, the cannabis community believed that the effects of cannabis came from THC and CBD. It was thought that the stoned feeling or the sensation of relief could only be attributed to cannabinoids, but this idea has recently been put to the test.
Researchers have since found that terpenes play a significant role. Not only are they the primary reason for the intense aroma and flavor of marijuana, but they also induce medicinal benefits and increase the efficacy of cannabinoids.
Terpenes are responsible for reducing depression, decreasing anxiety, elevating the mood, stimulate appetite, increase memory retention, and even make you more alert. Suddenly, terpenes appear to provide everything that THC and CBD were thought to do.
Researchers have also studied the synergistic effects of terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids. Terpenes likely enhance the effects of CBD and THC, which means that strains that teste for high terpene concentrations are ideal.
Terpenes and Your Mental and Physical State
What was once thought was the result of whether a cannabis strain was Indica, Sativa, or Hybrid is now being attributed to terpenes. Do you get couch-locked or an energy boost with a specific strain? Well, it’s likely because of the dominant terpene within the strain.
Linalool, the terpene that’s responsible for the sedating aroma of lavender, is also found in cannabis. When this terpene is found in large quantities, you’ll feel relaxed.
Myrcene, the terpene that’s found in mangoes, thyme, and hops, is responsible for the narcotic couch-lock effect that so many attributes to pure Indicas. The same can be said for terpinolene, the terpene that’s commonly found in nutmeg and cumin.
If you’re looking for a stimulating effect that will increase your motivation or alertness, look for cannabis strains that contain high levels of pinene and limonene.
Fine-Tune Your Experience With Terpenes
Ultimately, terpenes allow you to fine-tune your experience with cannabis products. This knowledge has broadened the horizon of marijuana-based products and shows that cannabis contains a multitude of beneficial properties. Now that you understand how terpenes play a critical role in providing medicinal benefits; as well as influencing how you feel, you can now choose cannabis strains or products to elevate your experience.